Leaky Heart Valve (Mitral Valve Regurgitation)
Nov 07, · This condition is called valve regurgitation, valve insufficiency, or a “leaky heart valve.” What causes a leaky valve? The mitral and aortic valves are the most commonly affected by regurgitation, but it can happen to any of the heart’s valves. For some people, valve regurgitation develops slowly over a few decades. For others, it happens quickly and unexpectedly. A leaky heart valve . Leaky Heart Valve (Mitral Valve Regurgitation) The heart valves control blood flow through the heart. A leaky valve doesn’t close properly and can let blood leak through. Some cases are mild, but others place stress on the heart and can cause symptoms, heart failure or cardiac arrest.
Penn Heart and Vascular Hart. The heart is a complex organ that works around the clock to keep oxygen-rich blood flowing throughout the body. Heart valves ensure that blood moves in one direction through the heart. As blood passes from chamber to chamber, valves open to let it flow and then close to keep it from moving back into the chamber it just left. This can allow blood to leak backward yeart the valves are closing, or it can allow blood to squeeze past closed valves.
For some people, valve regurgitation develops slowly over a few decades. For others, it happens quickly and unexpectedly. A leaky heart valve can be caused by a number of conditions. Defects present from birth are sometimes the cause. In other cases, a leaky valve can be traced to:. If it becomes severe, the heart has to work harder to keep blood moving around the body.
Over time, this extra strain can damage the heart muscle and cause numerous symptoms:. A primary care physician or cardiologist may perform a physical exam and find fluid in the lungs, an enlarged heart, leaaky a heart murmur. These are all indicators sql server how to copy table a heart valve may be leaky. Further tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis:.
In this case, the heart valve may be monitored to watch for changes. In many cases, however, a repair or replacement is required. The good news is that valve problems are often quite treatable. Depending on which valve is causing the problem and the severity of your symptoms, your cardiologist or surgeon might recommend a surgical procedure or vave transcatheter, minimally invasive procedure to repair or replace the leaky hearh.
When possible, heart valves are repaired rather than replaced. Repairs have several benefits wha replacements:. The Penn Heart and Vascular blog provides the latest information on heart disease prevention, nutrition and breakthroughs valvd cardiovascular what are the symptoms of a bad motor mount. What is a leaky heart valve? November 07, Topics: Valve Disease.
Mitral Valve Mitral Valve Prolapse. About this Blog The Penn Heart and Vascular blog provides the latest information on heart disease prevention, nutrition and breakthroughs in cardiovascular care.
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Symptoms of leaky heart valves
Jun 09, · A leaky heart valve is a medical condition that can vary in severity depending on how much it disrupts normal blood flow. The heart contains four valves – Author: Emily Lunardo. A leaking aortic valve allows blood to flow in two directions. Oxygen-rich blood either flows out through the aorta to the body – as it should – or it flows backward from the aorta through the defective valve into the left ventricle when the ventricle relaxes. Leaking valves can cause the heart to work harder to pump the same amount of blood. Nov 20, · Any one of the four valves in the heart can leak or a combination of valves can leak. One of the valves typically has three flaps, and some people are born with only two flaps, which results in a leaking valve. Trauma can cause valves to leak, as can infection of Estimated Reading Time: 4 mins.
Regurgitation is the name for leaking heart valves. Sometimes the condition is minor and may not require treatment. At other times valve regurgitation places a strain on the heart. It can cause the heart to work harder and it may not pump the same amount of blood. A leaking regurgitant mitral valve allows blood to flow in two directions during the contraction. Some blood flows from the ventricle through the aortic valve — as it should — and some blood flows back into the atrium through the defective valve.
A leaking aortic valve allows blood to flow in two directions. Oxygen-rich blood either flows out through the aorta to the body — as it should — or it flows backward from the aorta through the defective valve into the left ventricle when the ventricle relaxes. Watch a mitral valve regurgitation animation. Based on the severity of the problem, leaking valves may require surgical repair or replacement.
Written by American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisers. See our editorial policies and staff. Heart Valve Disease. About Heart Valves. Heart Valve Problems and Causes. Getting an Accurate Diagnosis. Treatment Options. Recovery and Healthy Living Goals. Personal Stories. Heart Valve Disease Resources. Heart Valve Disease Awareness Day. What's valve regurgitation?
Regurgitation occurs when: Blood flows back through the valve as the leaflets are closing, or Blood leaks through the leaflets that don't close correctly. For example: A leaking regurgitant mitral valve allows blood to flow in two directions during the contraction.
Leaking valves can cause the heart to work harder to pump the same amount of blood. How does valve regurgitation develop? Valve regurgitation can come on suddenly or it may develop gradually over decades. Read more about regurgitation and specific valves: Mitral regurgitation is leakage of blood backward through the mitral valve each time the left ventricle contracts.
Aortic valve regurgitation may stem from a congenital heart defect, complications of an infection or other more rare causes. Pulmonary or pulmonic regurgitation is more rare and is usually a result of other problems like pulmonary hypertension. Tricuspid regurgitation is more commonly caused by an enlarged lower chamber on the right side of the heart, but it may also develop in response to other valve problems on the left side of the heart that end up straining the entire system.
What's the treatment for leaking valves? Last Reviewed: May 8,