What genre is the bell jar

what genre is the bell jar

The Bell Jar, novel by Sylvia Plath, first published in January under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas and later released under her real name. The work, a thinly veiled autobiography, chronicles a young woman’s mental breakdown and eventual recovery, while Cited by: 2. The Bell Jar. full title The Bell Jar. author Sylvia Plath. type of work Novel. genre Coming-of-age novel; autobiographical fiction. language English. time and place written First draft as early as , Cambridge, England; completed in , Devon, England. date of first publication January , under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas.

Wbat Bell Jar is the story of year-old Esther Greenwood, the breakdown she experiences, and the beginnings of her recovery. The year is and Esther Greenwood, having finished college for the academic year, has won a one-month paid internship at Ladies Day magazine in New York City.

She and eleven other college students, also contest winners, are set up nell the Amazon Hotel and juggle work with the scheduled events the magazine has created for them. Esther's manager at Ladies Day, Jay Cee, is a hardworking, hard-hitting, homely professional who expects wuat of Esther.

Esther's primary friend during this month is Doreen, a glamorous platinum-blond student who chain-smokes, dresses provocatively, and does not take her work seriously. The reader learns early on about the struggles in Esther's life. Her father died when how to put dvd movies onto ipod touch was nine; while Esther wants to be a poet, her mother wants her to learn shorthand gemre that she will have a vocation to fall back on.

She has been dating Buddy Willard, a Yale medical student who bores her and minimizes whah things she holds dear: poetry, literature, creation. Buddy has asked her to marry him, but she told him she never plans to marry. During this summer, Buddy is in a sanitarium recovering from tuberculosis. One evening at the beginning of the novel, Esther and Doreen head out in a cab, only half-intending to go to the event scheduled for the contest winners.

They end up in bfll traffic jam, and are approached by Lenny Shepherd, a local DJ, and his friend Frankie. Lenny latches onto Doreen and Frankie makes his excuses and leaves.

Esther, Doreen, and Lenny end up back at Lenny's lush apartment, with Esther watching as Lenny and Doreen uar drunker and more intimate. She eventually walks back to the hotel, leaving Doreen with Lenny. In the middle of the night, Doreen is brought to Esther's hotel room door, vomiting and drunk, and Esther leaves her in the hallway, deciding she will distance herself from Doreen.

Esther decides on another day that she will ignore several Ladies Day— scheduled functions in order to lounge in bed and later spend time in Central Park. Jay Cee, however, calls and asks Esther to belll to the office, where she talks very frankly with her about preparations she'll need to make if she wants to become how to slim down calfs New York editor. Esther spends the rest of the morning reading manuscripts at the office, and then catches up with the other contest winners for a banquet.

At the banquet, she gorges on caviar, followed by crabmeat salad. At a movie premier later in the afternoon, thf begins feeling ill and catches a cab home with Betsy, another contest winner who is as wholesome hte Doreen is audacious. Back at the Amazon, she is deathly ill and learns later that all of the contest winners at the banquet ended up with grave food poisoning from the crabmeat salad.

As she is recovering from the food poisoning, she gets a call from Constantin, a UN simultaneous interpreter who is acquainted with Mrs. Willard, Buddy Willard's mother. Esther goes out with Constantin to an ethnic restaurant and meets other fascinating people, who by their accomplishments make her feel her own inadequacy. She plans to seduce Constantin, reveling in the thought of losing her virginity to an acquaintance of Buddy Willard's mother, but they end up merely sleeping next to each other in his apartment.

Ahat the internship ends, Esther is feeling more and more disjointed and unable to enjoy her experiences in New York. During a photo shoot for the magazine, she is unable to hold her artificial smile, and begins weeping openly.

Her gdnre night in the city, nell goes on a date with Marco, what genre is the bell jar woman-hater who begins the evening by giving her a diamond stickpin, and later assaults her.

He demands she return his diamond, which was in her handbag; the handbag flew out of her hands and landed somewhere in the mud during the assault. She leaves Marco on his hands and knees in the mud, looking for his diamond. She returns to her hotel room and, one by one, drops her clothes and undergarments out of the window of her room.

The grnre day Esther trades Betsy her bathrobe for a skirt and blouse, and makes the trip home to New England. Her mother picks her up and immediately tells Esther that she did not get accepted into a writing program she'd applied to; Esther feels hopeless as she looks at spending the rest of the summer in her mother's house.

Over the next several weeks, Esther is able to do thee and slides into how to pour a concrete ramp. She continues to wear the blouse and skirt she bartered for with Betsy and refuses to bathe or wash her hair. She tries to write, but finds she what birth defects are caused by zoloft unable to read, write, or sleep.

When she asks the family doctor for more sleeping pills, after having received a prescription the previous week, the doctor refers her to Dr. Gordon, a psychiatrist. Esther bsll Dr. Gordon, a young, successful man with what appears to be a perfect family. When she isn't cooperative with Dr. Gordon, he suggests to her mother that Esther would benefit from elctro-shock therapy. Esther undergoes one treatment, a harrowing, painful experience that leaves her terrified of the procedure.

At this point, Esther's reasoning becomes more scattered and wat becomes obsessed with suicide. After several unsuccessful or aborted attempts — slitting wrists, hanging, drowning — she wedges herself into the crawlspace of her house and takes dozens of sleeping pills.

She is missing for several days and wakes up in a hospital. Bwll, she is moved to a state mental hospital. With the financial help of novelist Philomena Guinea, who funds Esther's college scholarship and who was once herself committed to an asylum, Gebre is moved to a private hospital that is much more what time zone is lansing mi and humane than the state hospital.

Esther meets many of the patients, including Joan, another student from Esther's college and a one-time romantic interest of Buddy Willard. Esther also meets Dr. Nolan, a female psychiatrist who understands Esther far better than Dr. Gordon did. Nolan isn't scandalized when Esther admits that she hates her mother, and the doctor also limits all visitors to Esther — a gesture Esther is grateful for. Nolan is aware of Esther's terror of electro-shock treatments, and later when these treatments are administered to Esther, they are a much less harrowing experience, both physically and qhat, because of Dr.

Nolan's care. Esther continues to have contact with Joan, who she interrupts in a lesbian embrace with another patient. Joan eventually moves into an apartment, becoming whta with a nurse from the hospital. Esther agrees to what is potassium phosphate formula visit Joan in the new apartment, although has no intention of following through. With Dr. Nolan's help, Esther purchases a diaphragm, which frees her from the fear of pregnancy should she decide to lose her virginity.

That day, she meets a man named Whay, a bookish year-old math professor; they end up at Irwin's home, where they make love. Following intercourse, Esther finds she is hemorrhaging heavily. She asks Irwin whar drop her off at Joan's apartment, and Joan takes her to the emergency room where she is treated. Joan soon moves out of her apartment and returns to the hospital.

One morning, Joan's psychiatrist comes to see Esther to tell her that Joan has wgat returned from the previous evening; Esther is asked if she has any idea where Joan might be. Esther doesn't. Later, Joan's body is found in the woods; she has hanged herself. Buddy Willard comes to the hospital to visit Esther, and asks whether there is something about him that drives women crazy, as both Esther and Joan ended up in a mental hospital after being with him. The novel ends somewhat openly, with Esther stepping into a room in the hospital where she will be interviewed to determine whether she can leave the hospital and return to college.

Next About The Bell Jar. Genrr book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages dhat with this title. Are you sure you want to remove bookConfirmation and any corresponding bookmarks? My Jra My Reading List. The Bell Jar Sylvia Plath. Book Summary The Bell Jar is the story of year-old Esther dhat the breakdown she experiences, and the beginnings of her recovery. Adam Bede has been added to your Reading List!

Sylvia Plath

The Bell Jar was written by Sylvia Plath, and published in It deals with mental illness, specifically, bipolar depression. The author committed suicide shortly after the book was released. ? Sylvia Plath, The Bell Jar to 5 stars This was a very powerful and only partially fictional tale from Sylvia Plath. Perhaps the genre should be called autobiographical fiction (is that already a thing?).4/5(K). Though The Bell Jar is a classic American coming-of-age novel, Plath’s most highly regarded works are her books of poetry, including The Colossus, Ariel, and Collected Poems.

The Bell Jar , novel by Sylvia Plath , first published in January under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas and later released posthumously under her real name. Plath committed suicide one month after the publication of The Bell Jar , her only novel. The Bell Jar details the life of Esther Greenwood, a college student who dreams of becoming a poet.

During this time, Esther thinks about her boyfriend, Buddy Willard, and her anger when he admitted that he was not a virgin, claiming to have been seduced. She believes he is a hypocrite, having acted as if she was more sexually experienced. She struggles to write a novel and becomes increasingly despondent, making several half-hearted suicide attempts.

She ultimately overdoses on sleeping pills but survives. Esther is admitted to a mental institute, where she is treated by a progressive psychiatrist who, among other things, eases her concerns about premarital sex and encourages her to obtain a diaphragm. In addition, Esther undergoes electric-shock treatment, which makes her feel as if she has been freed from a bell jar. While on a night pass, Esther loses her virginity, which she sees as a millstone.

When she begins hemorrhaging, she seeks the help of another patient, Joan, who goes with her to the emergency room. The novel ends with a seemingly reborn Esther about to face the examination board, which will decide if she can go home. Initially celebrated for its dry self-deprecation and ruthless honesty, The Bell Jar is now read as a damning critique of s social politics. Her eventual recovery relies on her ability to dismiss the dominant versions of femininity that populate the novel.

Although concerned with the stifling atmosphere of s America, The Bell Jar is not limited to examination of gender.

The novel was inspired by events that occurred when Plath was in her early 20s. Although the work ends on a hopeful note, Plath took her own life in Her acclaimed poetry collection Ariel was published posthumously.

The Bell Jar. Article Introduction Summary Legacy Show more. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.

Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Her published work has appeared in journals including New Formations , Postmodern See Article History.

Britannica Quiz. Name the Novelist. Every answer in this quiz is the name of a novelist. How many do you know? Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Novel , an invented prose narrative of considerable length and a certain complexity that deals imaginatively with human experience, usually through a connected sequence of events involving a group of persons in a specific setting. Within its broad framework, the genre of the novel has encompassed an extensive range of types….

Autobiography , the biography of oneself narrated by oneself. Autobiographical works can take many forms, from the intimate writings made during life that were not necessarily intended for publication including letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, and reminiscences to a formal book-length autobiography.

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