Dinah: daughter of Jacob. Original Word: ???????. Part of Speech: Proper Name Feminine. Transliteration: Dinah. Phonetic Spelling: (dee-naw') Definition: daughter of Jacob. The name Dinah is the feminine form of Dan and both come from the verb ??? (din), meaning to judge or plead: Excerpted from: Abarim Publications' Biblical Dictionary ???.
The name Shechem is ascribed to two or whatt men and a location. Shechem is first mentioned as a place where Vinah sojourned Genesis Later Jacob settled there upon his return to Canaan Genesis and bought the land from Hamor the Hivitethe father of a man named Shechem. This Shechem took a liking to Jacob's only daughter Dinahthe daughter of Leahwho was also the mother of half of the ddoes of Jacob. After Shechem took Dinah by force, her brothers Simeon and Doew destroyed and how to get latitude and longitude from address in php the city Genesis Father Jacob, apparently, was more worried about the political consequences of the actions of his sons than those of Shechemand rescinded their rights as sons number two and three — son number one, Reubenhad already forfeited his position by sleeping with Bilhahhis father's concubine; and So doing, son number four, Judahbecame most prominent.
Either one or two other Shechems are what does dinah mean in hebrew among the descendants of Joseph through Manasseh. The Chronicler mentions Shechem, son of Shemidawho may or may not be the same as the previous one 1 Chronicles The word for son in Hebrew covered what we call sons but also grandsons or any descendant.
But note that even though that in English all these names turn out as Shechem, the Masoretes interpreted the names of the Shechems from Manasseh slightly different. How these names sounded we don't know there are no sound recordings from those days but the difference between the Hivite Shechem and the Manassite Shechem is minute.
In the Greek New Testament the name Shechem occurs only once. This seems to suggest that a person's burden was considered a thing of voluntary dedication rather than something forced upon this person.
HAW Theological Wordbook mran the Old Testament additionally hebrsw that the region or city called Shechem may thank its name from the two mountains upon which shoulders it was built. This may seem as wgat rather strange name for a rapist, but it ni be noted that Shechem had every intention to marry Dinah Genesiswhich in those days may have been more unusual than rape.
Shechem meaning Shechem in Biblical Hebrew.
The name Dinah is of Hebrew origin. The meaning of Dinah is "G-d is my judge". Dinah is generally used as a girl's name. It consists of 5 letters and 2 syllables and is pronounced Di-nah. Hebrew Baby Names Meaning: In Hebrew Baby Names the meaning of the name Dinah is: Avenged. Judged and vindicated. Famous bearer: biblical Dinah, Jacob's only daughter. From Hebrew roots, its meaning is 'vindicated' - in this context, Dinah can be used in the English and German languages. It is a biblical name derived from the element din with the meaning 'judgement, lawsuit'. The name was borne in the Bible by the daughter of Jacob and Leah, who was raped by Shechem and avenged by her brothers.
Dinah is the daughter of Jacob, the father of twelve sons and thus the twelve tribes in the ancestor narratives of Genesis. She is born to Leah after Leah has given birth to six sons. Leah names her Gen , as biblical women often did as part of the maternal role. The story is set during the ancestral period in the city of Shechem, the geographical center of a movement in which people of diverse backgrounds, customs, and religious beliefs merged to become the community of Israel. The phrase implies an openness to and acceptance of outsiders.
They want to resist intermarriage. The story invites two opposing interpretations. The traditional understanding is that Dinah has been raped by Shechem. Her brothers Simeon and Levi retaliate by violently slaying and plundering Shechem, Hamor, and the Shechemite community.
Jacob thus reprimands his sons for their behavior. But concerning the question of whether Dinah has been raped, the final clue comes in the last sentence of the story. Prostitutes engage in sexual intercourse for financial gain, and their sexual actions involve mutual consent. Rape therefore does not characterize either prostitution or what has happened to Dinah. Furthermore, one of the purposes of sexual intercourse in the ancient world was to create permanent bonding and obligation; but in prostitution, there is no bonding or obligation.
They are not suggesting that she was raped. This seems peculiar—does it suggest that Dinah was not raped? In the Hebrew Scriptures, rape is generally indicated by a cry for help from the woman showing lack of consent and violence on the part of the man indicating a forcible, hostile act.
But the intercourse of Shechem does not fit this pattern. Then the text v. From this description Shechem appears to be a man in love, not a man committing an exploitative act of rape.
Rapists feel hostility and hatred toward their victims, not closeness and tenderness. Shame, or intense humility, usually relates to failure to live up to societal goals and ideals. Because sexual intercourse should be part of marital bonding, it is shameful for an unmarried woman like Dinah to have sex.
The declaration of love and desire for marriage comes after she and Shechem have intercourse. It is their behavior that is violent, hostile, and exploitative. The tension between marriage within a group endogamy and marriage with outsiders exogamy is dramatized in this story of love and violence. Bechtel, Lyn. Genesis Brueggemann, Walter.
Atlanta: ; Sheres, Ita. New York: He took her, lay with her, spoke tenderly to her, delighted in her. He desired to have her for his wife.
He loved her. Instead, Simeon and Levi slay all the Shechemites. I assume Dinah was brought back home. Later in Genesis, when Jacob and all his family go to Egypt, Dinah is not mentioned. I wonder: did she die when the Shechemies were slain, or taken bake to her family, and died sometime later. Thank you. I have learned a lot from the article and from the readers' sharing. I was also in doubt if Dinah was raped.
Was it okay at that time that Dinah went visiting without a companion or a chaperon? If she was raped, was there no witness of her struggle? I guess we will really never actually know what took place but I am having trouble with how 've and other more modern style bibles use the word rape and KJV uses the word defile.
They don't mean the same thing. This is how I found my way here. I asked what the Torab says and this is where I came. It is interesting. Thank you I think now the whole saga can better be digested with your explanation otherwise Jacob will be a horrible father in my sight. I also thought it was not rape when I first read it but the narrative was conflicting as love and rape does not go hand in hand. Keep in mind that Jacob's sons were Laban's grandsons.
Laban who made Jacob toil for seven years to win Rachel's hand in marriage, then tricked Jacob into marrying Leah. You know, it's funny- I grew up in Church always thinking that Israel's wars and battles against the Canaanites were somehow willed by God- that they were cleansing the land of unrighteousness. But after reading more and more of the first violent tendencies of Jacob's sons, it is seeming more and more likely to me that Gods chosen people, the ones who were supposed to bless the whole earth, were in fact responsible for causing much of the initial suffering of other nations and populations.
When Simeon and Levi took it upon themselves to utterly annihilate the Shechemites for the utter crime of wanting to intermarry with Israel's daughters, and wanting to receive some of Gods blessings, were they not starting the trend of violence that would follow their nation throughout its entire history?
As Jacob said, they had made Israel a stench in the nostrils of all surrounding nations. Supposedly Jacob walked with God, and presumably his sons had the potential of communicating with God as well.
Did not Jacob inquire of the Lord and did he not instruct his sons to seek the Lords will for their lives? Didnt Jacob and his sons have the ability to discern the will of God? Shouldn't Levi and Simeon have inquired of the Lord before slaughtering all the men in a city? Was Shechem so evil just for loving their sister and speaking tenderly to her, and deflowering her virginity? Apparently God did nothing to stop Levi and Simeon from killing all the men of Shechem and looting them, and taking their women and children as war booty.
And yet God later kills Judah's son Onan for refusing to inseminate Tamar during sex. I guess I just dont understand Gods justice and his laws very well. In reply to You know, it's funny- I grew… by Christopher Moyer. His ways are higher than our ways and His thoughts higher than our thoughts. Isaiah Exactly JB. When you look at the story of Judges 9 about Shechem and his family, God knew in advance that he was going to send an evil spirit among Shechem that would cause all men and women to die by fire in the house of a false god.
Simeon and Levi knew that the men of Shechem having agreed to get circumcised would be under the covenant of their God by circumcision, but would still be serving their falls gods with their circumcision which is an abomination, and also Dinah had already slept with the man while he was uncircumcised. If they would have agreed to give Dinah to Shechem, she would've been subjected to her husband and his false religion and would've died in that tower along with them in Judges 9.
So, that's why God didn't fully punish Simeon and Levi, just like he didn't punish Phinehas in Numbers God can foresee the future. We can't. The fact of the matter is, Shechem and the men of Shechem were never going to serve the true and living God, so that's not a place that Dinah needed to be.
So what they did, although not conventional, really was smart and saved her life. You're right, our thoughts are not God's thoughts. His thoughts are higher than ours because He is righteous and can foresee the future. I understand that this article represents an alternative interpretation of the story, which is very interesting. There is one line in this article I find troubling which no one in the comments has mentioned yet I think , which is:.
This appears to buy into the false stereotype about rapists being hostile strangers, whereas the majority of rapes are from people the victims know and often have relationships with.
Many rapes are not the product of conscious and purposeful hatred but rather bad boundaries on the part of the perpetrator, lack of understanding about consent, etc. There is a very real phenomenon in abusive relationships wherein the abusive partner will go back and forth between abusive behavior and loving, even nurturing behavior and build emotional albeit dysfunctional bonds with their partner.
To reduce rape to the above is to leave out a lot of people who have experienced sexual violence, and I don't think it's a helpful generalization, or necessary to this overall interpretation of Dinah's story. The book of Jasher is a forgery so never happened. Dinah was most definitely not raped. I think another way to look at the text is through the lens of the Documentary Hypothesis.
This "encounter" was in Gen. That whole chapter is a J text intrusion on a E discussion. Gen 33 is all E; and the first few verses of Gen 35 is E. So why is this story being dropped into the text? I think when you step back and look at these sorts of details the alleged rape seems more and more like the issue was intermarriage.
In that period the girl marrying at 12 would not be unusual, sadly. Older men falling in love with younger women is an old story too. Add up all the arguments and it does seem like the rape interpretation is a priestly intrusion in a story about primitive tribal thinking. The priestly interpretation is meant to reinforce obedience; where the love story interpretation suggests free thinking rejection of tribalism.
All of which is really to say that I agree with Richard Friedman that all we can know for sure is the family disapporoved, but of what we cannot be sure. What you are proposing is a type of forbidden "love story" between Dinah and Shechem.
Regardless of your play on words, it is obvious from the aftermath that it was a "Rape".