World War II by country
Iceland, Faroe Islands and Greenland, which were respectively in union with Denmark and a Danish colony, were occupied by the Allies for most of the war. British forces took control in Iceland on 10 May , and it was used to facilitate the movement of Lend Lease equipment. The Second World War pitted two alliances against each other, the Axis powers and the Allied powers; the Soviet Union serving 35 million, the U.S having served 16 million, Germany serving 13 million, and Japan serving 6 million men. With millions serving in other countries, an .
The generally acknowledged dates of the War by Western countries ranges from through ; however, the more progressive view includes the start of the war when Japan invaded China earlier in the s.
World War 2 involved the majority of the countries in the world to include all major powers which formed two predominant alliances throughout the war: the Axis and the Allies.
During the war, there were more than 30 countries with greater than million personnel who served in uniform from the various World War 2 countries. By the end of WW2, the world would see between 50 and 85 million deaths making the conflict the most deadly in modern history. Inthe coalition of countries that formed this group consisted of Poland, France, and the United Kingdom.
Using alliance as a means to try and stop all wars of aggression, additional Allies would join the group throughout the war and ultimately help create the United Nations in Once World War 2 how to tea bag paper inthe Axis alliance was no more. June 14, Mack Dean views. April 15, April 13, April 11,
The Allies of World War II. The Allies were a league of countries that came together to fight the Axis (Germany, Italy, and Japan). The “Big Three” Allied countries were the Soviet Union, Britain, and the US. Aug 04, · The countries that fought in World War II were Germany, Italy and Japan, which comprised the Axis Powers, and Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union, China and the United States of America, which comprised the Allies. Jun 14, · The Allies in WW2 were the nations that were opposed to Adolf Hitler and the Axis Powers during the war. In , the coalition of countries that formed this group consisted of Poland, France, and the United Kingdom.
Almost every country in the world participated in World War II. Most were neutral at the beginning, but only relatively few nations remained neutral to the end. S having served 16 million, Germany serving 13 million, and Japan serving 6 million men.
With millions serving in other countries, an estimated million soldiers saw combat. A total of 72 million people died with the lowest estimate being 40 million dead and the highest estimate being million dead.
The countries involved or affected by World War II are listed here alphabetically, with a description of their role in the conflict. The kingdom had close relations with all three Axis powers and had agreements with them for assistance with infrastructure and trade. In , the Afghanistan legation in Berlin asked whether Germany would cede land in British India to Afghanistan if it should win the war; specifically, the king and minister wanted to acquire all the ethnic Pashtun land between the Durand Line and the Indus River.
In , Western press reported that Amanullah Khan , a former king who lost his throne in a civil war in the s , was working as an agent for Nazi Germany in Berlin. After the Italian invasion of Albania in April , , Italian soldiers and 11, Italian colonists who wanted to integrate Albania into the Italian Empire settled in the country. Initially the Albanian Fascist Party received support from the population, mainly because of the unification of Kosovo and other Albanian-populated territories with Albania proper after the conquest of Yugoslavia and Greece by the Axis in Spring Benito Mussolini boasted in May to a group of Albanian fascists that he had achieved the Greater Albania long wanted by the Tirana nationalists.
In mid, however, party leaders increased their popularity by calling young people to fight for the liberation of their country from Italy. In September , the party organized the Albanian National Anti-Fascist Front , from a number of resistance groups, including several that were strongly anti-communist. They assembled a National Liberation Army. Germany occupied Albania in September , dropping paratroopers into Tirana before the Albanian guerrillas could take the capital, and soon drove the guerrillas into the hills and to the south.
Berlin subsequently announced it would recognize the independence of a neutral Albania and organized an Albanian government, police, and military. The partisans entirely liberated Albania from German occupation on November 29, The Albanian partisans also helped in the liberation of Kosovo and parts of Yugoslavia. On November 8, the Allies launched a major offensive codenamed Operation Torch. Allied Forces landed and advanced south against an army of 60, Vichy troops.
The Allies retook Morocco along with Algeria, establishing the liberation of northern Africa. Algerian troops particularly distinguished themselves in the French Expeditionary Corps under General Juin during the Italian campaign of and in Operation Dragoon , the Allied invasion of southern France in Andorra remained politically neutral throughout the war but was used as a smuggling route by Axis Vichy French and Axis-aligned Spanish personnel. The condominium of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was at war from the time of the United Kingdom 's declaration in Fighting reached Sudan in when Italy entered the war.
Italian forces captured the railway junction at Kassala and other towns and raided as far north as Port Sudan. International competition extended to the continent of Antarctica during the World War II era, though the region saw no combat. In Chile proclaimed the Chilean Antarctic Territory in areas already claimed by Britain, while Argentina proclaimed Argentine Antarctica in in an overlapping area. Its objective was to establish a permanent presence and assert Britain's claim to the Falkland Islands Dependencies ,  as well as to deny use of the area to the Kriegsmarine , which was known to use remote islands as rendezvous points.
There was also a fear that Japan might attempt to seize the Falkland Islands. The research begun by Operation Tabarin continued in subsequent years, ultimately becoming the British Antarctic Survey.
In the postwar period, competition continued among Antarctica's claimant powers, as well as the United States and Soviet Union. In the late s, this competition would gave way to a cooperative international framework with the International Geophysical Year and the Antarctic Treaty.
During the period of World War II, Argentina was ruled by a coalition of conservative , radical and independent socialists Spanish: La Concordancia , i. Despite the sympathy of the government of Concordance for Great Britain , the country's political tradition made the neutralist sentiments prevail. Many Argentines saw the war as a potential source of economic benefit by exporting to both sides.
The military government of Edelmiro Julian Farrell finally gave in to international pressure, and Argentina joined other countries in Latin America and declared war on Germany and Japan, a month before the war in Europe ended 27 March Nearly 4, Argentine volunteers fought on the Allied side. Australia was among the first countries to announce it was at war with Germany, on 3 September The Prime Minister , Robert Menzies considered that the British declaration legally bound Australia, and he announced a state of war between Australia and Germany as a direct consequence of the British declaration.
More than one million Australian men served in the war out of a total population of around seven million. Although it was ill-prepared for war, the Australian government soon dispatched squadrons and personnel to serve with the Royal Air Force. German submarines and raiding ships operated in Australian waters throughout the war.
After the outbreak of hostilities with Japan in late , Japanese aircraft launched a bombing attack on Darwin in February , and smaller Air raids on Australia, — During mid Militia troops fought the Kokoda Track campaign , and the New Guinea campaign came to occupy the attention of most of the Australian armed forces until Upon the outbreak of the Second World War, the New Guinea Volunteer Rifles were organized as a militia unit of white expatriates in the New Guinea territory, while the bulk of the Australian military was deployed in the Mediterranean.
Japanese forces invaded beginning in January with the Battle of Rabaul ; in the following months Japan occupied most of the Territory of New Guinea. The campaign resulted in heavy losses for Japan. Disease and starvation claimed more Japanese lives than combat.
Allied forces effectively besieged enemy garrisons, cutting them off from food and medical supplies. During the war, civil administration in both territories ceased and the whole area was placed under martial law. Only a single battalion, the Papuan Infantry Battalion , was ever recruited from the native Papuan population. Many other people were recruited to bring supplies up to the front and carry injured Australian troops: the so-called Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels.
Civil government was restored after the war, and in the two territories were united as the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. See Germany and its subsection Austria. It is widely believed that the Duke and Duchess sympathised with fascism before and during the war, and were moved to the Bahamas to minimise their opportunities to act on those feelings.
The Canadian garrison left Nassau in . The Sheikh of Bahrain declared war on Germany on September 10, On October 19, , four Italian planes bombed Bahrain to destroy oil refineries supplying the Allies.
In Belgium had declared its neutrality in the event of war in Europe. Many remained imprisoned until the end of World War II. Germany occupied Belgium and installed a military government. The occupiers imposed harsh taxes and strict rationing. Nearly all lost their lives in the Nazi death camps. Groupe G ran a successful campaign of sabotage against railroads, while other groups worked to protect Jewish people from deportation or help downed Allied airmen escape from the country.
Belgium's elected government fled the occupation, relocating to France and then London, where it established the Belgian government in exile under Hubert Pierlot and the Free Belgian Forces under Victor van Strydonck de Burkel. The Congo played an important role as an economic asset, producing large amounts of raw materials for the Allies, notably gold and uranium.
The nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were made with uranium from Congolese mines. Congolese troops also fought as the Force Publique , which saw combat against Italian forces in the East African Campaign. Medical troops were also brought on the east-asian front. The colonial government's demands on the Congolese population provoked strikes, riots and other forms of resistance. These were repressed, often violently, by the colonial authorities. The Congo's comparative prosperity during the conflict led to a wave of post-war immigration from Belgium, bringing the white population to , by , as well as a period of industrialisation and urbanisation that continued throughout the s.
Belgium's mandate of Ruanda-Urundi consisted of the modern nations of Rwanda and Burundi. There, the war years were marked by the Ruzagayura famine. Though initially caused by a drought, the famine's effects were made worse by the Belgian war effort as authorities tried to send agricultural produce to the Congo to support the Allies. The famine killed between a fifth and a third of the colony's population and displaced many thousands more.
Although Bhutan was under British suzerainty , it remained independent; and under the reign of Jigme Wangchuck the kingdom continued to maintain almost complete isolation from the outside world with only limited relations with the British Raj in India.
Despite his policy of neutrality, upon the outbreak of the war the king sent the government of India a gift of , rupees as a gesture of friendship. Bolivia was one of many Latin American countries to declare war on Germany later on in the war, joining the Allies on 7 April It was one of the three countries to declare war in , the others being Chile and Colombia.
The new ruler, Gualberto Villarroel , had fascist and anti-Semitic leanings, but foreign pressure [ clarification needed ] compelled him to remain at peace and to suppress his more extreme pro-Nazi supporters.
Bolivian mines supplied needed tin to the Allies, but with no coastline, the landlocked country did not send troops or warplanes overseas. The United States built several airfields on Brazilian soil with the understanding that shortly after the war ended, they would be turned over to Brazil. In retaliation, Germany and Italy extended their submarine warfare against them.
In the first half of Axis submarines sank Brazilian merchant ships, and Brazilian naval forces chased and attacked these submarines. When seven merchant ships were sunk by the German Submarine U , Vargas decided to make official the state of war against Germany and Italy. Northeastern Brazil hosted at Natal the largest single American air base outside of its own territory, and at Recife , the U.
In , Allied naval forces sunk most of the Axis submarines which were active in the West of the South Atlantic, the U among them. After this intense campaign, the South Atlantic became a lost battle to Germany.
After two years of preparation, a complete infantry Division about 25, troops, called the Brazilian Expeditionary Force BEF was sent in July to fight in the Italian campaign. They fought in the last two stages of the Italian campaign: the slow breakdown of the Gothic Line and the final Allied offensive in that front.
Borneo was divided into five territories: four in the north under the British — Sarawak , Brunei , Labuan island, and British North Borneo — and the remainder and bulk of the island to the south under the jurisdiction of the Dutch East Indies now Indonesia. The Japanese invasion plan called for the British territories to be taken and held by the Imperial Japanese Army and the southern Dutch territory to be taken and held by the Imperial Japanese Navy.
At dawn on 16 December, two Japanese landing units secured Miri and Seria with little resistance from British forces. A few hours later, Lutong was captured. Bulgaria gave up neutrality and became a German ally, signing the Tripartite Pact on 1 March Their main contribution was transit rights for German units involved against Yugoslavia and Greece.