# How to calculate percentage of growth year over year

How to Calculate Year-Over-Year Growth

Multiply by to get the final percentage The final step to finding your year-over-year growth rate is to convert this total to a percentage. You can do this by multiplying the total number by Here's your equation: x = May 28,  · A year-over-year calculation compares a statistic for one period to the same period the previous year. The period is for a month or quarter basis. The year-over-year growth rate calculates the percentage change during the past twelve months. Year-over-year (YOY) is an effective way of looking at growth for two reasons.

In this article, we explain what year-over-year growth is, how to calculate year-over-year growth and why it's important for both small and seasonal businesses.

Year-over-year growth is a solution you gain when you compare a business performance statistic from a specific month or quarter in the previous year with the same time frame this year. Doing this helps determine how much your company has grown compared to a certain period last year.

When determining your company's year-over-year growth, you can compare performance statistics like revenue, total employment or item delivery rates. These statistics can be used not just to help you gain a better perspective of your company's performance, but also to inform investors, lenders or potential partners of how well your company is performing.

This can help them gain a better understanding of how successful your company is so far and how successful it can be in the upcoming years. Knowing your company's year-over-year growth can be written proof that your company is succeeding and will continue to succeed. Calculating and showcasing your year-over-year growth can be beneficial for the following reasons:. Some businesses may choose to track their results by comparing them to the previous month or quarter's results.

While this may be resourceful for some, other seasonal businesses may not benefit from this method. Instead, year-over-year growth compares their statistics to the same season last year for a better performance comparison. Since a business' success can vary per month, looking at its performance throughout each month may make the company look unstable, even if it performed well during its on-season.

With year-over-year growth, comparing specific months or quarters can better smooth out the statistics and make them look more reliable for investors. Most business statistics and analytics can be tracked using a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet or other business data software. Since this can be time-consuming and complex, calculating your year-over-year growth is done using a simple calculation.

By determining your year-over-year growth, you can view the results of different aspects of your company's performance. This can help you better understand what is successful and what specific improvements you can make. You can calculate year-over-year growth by gathering specific statistics and using a simple formula to get your result.

Follow the steps below to calculate year-over-year growth. Before you begin your equation, you should determine what time periods are best to compare. If you believe you've just completed a successful season, you can compare your previous quarter with last year's. You can also compare this year's monthly statistics with last year's to show your improvements to potential lenders or investors.

Once you've established the timeframe you'd like to compare, you can begin gathering results. If you aren't sure where these results may be located, check your company's balance sheet.

This should list your previous performance and financial information your company has previously gained. After you've gathered last year's, you can also locate this year's and have them both prepared to input into an equation. If you have both numbers, you can begin finding your growth rate how to movies on iphone subtracting last year's performance numbers from this year's.

Since this number is positive, that means you've acquired a year-over-year gain, rather than a year-over-year loss. This shows that you provided better results than last year. To continue, take the total number from the previous equation and divide it by last year's number.

Using the earlier example, you would take the equation's total, 70, how to install an exhaust tip divide it by The final step to finding your year-over-year growth rate is to convert this total to a percentage.

You can do this by multiplying the total number by Here's your equation: 0. Round up to one decimal point and add a percentage.

This makes your growth rate You can now use this total when showing your success to investors or lenders. This can help them gain an idea of how well your business is performing. You can use this number to detail how you plan to perform a higher YOY growth rate next year. If your total was a negative number and appears as a loss rather than a growth, you can use this to determine what improvements need to be made to receive a positive result during your next year-over-year growth rate calculation.

If your business is smaller, it may be more difficult to provide performance statistics that seem significantly impressive. This may make it challenging to receive funding or financial support from investors.

Here are common reasons why year-over-year growth can be an important statistic for small businesses to calculate. Related: 7 Ways to Market a Small Business. Calculating year-over-year growth can be a great way to determine the success of certain products your business sells.

For example, if you own a clothing store and want to know how well your shoes are selling, you can use the year-over-year growth rate calculation to determine their success. If you learn that the growth rate of shoe sales has decreased, you can decide to spend less of your budget on shoes.

For example, if your company delivers items, you can use year-over-year growth to measure how many items you delivered throughout the month this year compared to last year. If it has significantly increased, this can show how much your efficiency has enhanced.

If that number isn't much larger than last year, you'll know you need to implement changes to enhance your efficiency so more products can be delivered and eventually sold.

Related: Using Performance Management in the Workplace. If you buy a majority of your products from vendors, you can use year-over-year growth to determine if the price you are paying for how to get call of duty black ops maps free products is reasonable.

For example, if your arts and crafts business sells paper and purchases it in bulk from another company, you can use year-over-year growth to determine if you're selling enough paper to pay the vendor.

This means you may need to use this year-over-year growth total to negotiate with the vendor and show them that you may need to pay a different amount for the bulk supply.

How do i uninstall microsoft office click-to-run 2010 you own a seasonal business, using basic month to month and quarterly comparisons can make your business look less successful than it actually is. For example, if you own a prom dress retail store, your successful season may be the traditional prom season, which is often in the spring.

This means if you compare your sales in the summer to the winter, it may make your business look unstable. Instead, using year-over-year statistics can compare a specific quarter or month to show how well your business is performing during its successful season. If you calculate the year-over-year growth rate for prom dresses sold in March of this year and last year, you would see more stable and accurate results of your business' performance.

Benefits of year-over-year growth. More accurate for seasonal businesses. Results look smoother. Simple to track and calculate. Better understand what improvements you can make. How to calculate year-over-year growth. Determine the timeframe you'd like to compare Retrieve your company's numbers from the current and previous year Subtract last year's numbers from this year's Divide the total by last year's number Multiply by to get the final percentage Analyze and evaluate your total.

Determine the timeframe you'd like to compare. Retrieve your company's numbers from the current and previous year. Subtract last year's numbers from this year's. Divide the total by last year's number. Multiply by to get the final percentage. Analyze and evaluate your total. Why year-over-year growth is important for small businesses. Evaluate what items should receive more financial support.

Learn how efficient your business is. Negotiate prices of your goods, if possible. Why year-over-year growth is important for seasonal businesses. Related View More arrow right. How To Complete Audience Segmentation in 4 Steps Learn about what audience segmentation is, why audience segmentation matters, ways to segment your audience and how to complete audience segmentation.

What is year-over-year growth?

A year-over-year calculation compares a statistic for one period to the same period the previous year. The period is for a month or quarter basis. The year-over-year growth rate calculates the percentage change during the past twelve months. Year-over-year YOY is an effective way of looking at growth for two reasons. Before you break out the bubbly, check it against the income from the same month last year. Maybe your sales always rise this time of year.

Your business is doing worse, not better. Second, it discerns long-term trends. For these reasons, make sure you check what comparisons a financial report is using. Are the authors comparing the data to the previous full year, such as 12 months of accumulated revenue, or to a statistic's value as of the last period of the quarter, month, week, or day?

Also, check to see if they are using the calendar year or fiscal year. If you're thinking about using the YOY statistic, the following snapshot of the pros and cons can help you apply the metric more effectively.

The biggest advantage of year-over-year comparisons is that they automatically negate the effect of seasonality. For example, retail statistics rise each November and December because of the holiday shopping season. Another advantage is that the metric is stated in percentage terms, making it easy to compare different-sized companies when doing industry, competitor or peer-company analysis. Year-over-year analysis helps smooth out any volatility in the month-to-month numbers.

For example, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the economy only added 18, jobs. Investors should have used a year-over-year comparison. They panicked because it was less than the February through April monthly average of , jobs. The stock market dropped. The prices of safe haven investments like Treasuries and gold sky-rocketed. In this case, the calculation seemed misleading when using individual months YOY, but when using full-year results, the calculation showed that the total number of employed people had increased by 1.

There are more examples like these in the current jobs report and the current unemployment report. It's a good idea to look at month-to-month as well to get the full picture. A few issues can arise with the YOY calculation, especially if a company experiences a period of negative growth. The resulting growth rate won't make sense.

Also, as with many other business metrics, the YOY statistic provides much more information when calculated for a few time periods to reveal trends, and doesn't really explain enough of a company's growth story unless used along with other metrics. If you rely only on the YOY metric, calculated with full-year values, you may also miss problems such as abnormally low growth in one month, which gets smoothed out if using a full-year number for the calculation.

Most business news reports monthly trends. You usually have to seek out the year-over-year number yourself, but you can find the formula inputs on a company's financial statements and easily calculate the statistic with a standard calculator.

To calculate the year-over-year growth rate, you need two numbers and a calculator. Then take these three steps. In June , total employment was Total employment in June was Here's how to calculate the year-over-year growth rate. Most government statistics are month-to-month or quarter-to-quarter.

You'll need to calculate the year-over-year numbers yourself to get the full picture. Here are three leading economic indicators where it's important to do year-over-year calculations:. National Retail Federation. Accessed Mar. Accessed Jan. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile.

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Table of Contents. Pros and Cons. Full Bio Follow Linkedin. Kimberly Amadeo is an expert on U. She is the President of the economic website World Money Watch. Read The Balance's editorial policies. Reviewed by. Full Bio. Eric Estevez is financial professional for a large multinational corporation.

His experience is relevant to both business and personal finance topics. Article Reviewed on May 28, Key Takeaways Year-over-year is a calculation that helps compare growth over the previous 12 months. YOY is a great statistic to use when you want to control the effects of volatility when comparing companies or economies. While a helpful statistic, it does a poor job of capturing the full picture because it leaves important information out.

This statistic can be used to reveal trends that signal an economic downturn. Pros Negates seasonality because it compares specific points in time. Smoothes out volatility throughout the year to compare net results. Easy to calculate; no need for spreadsheet or financial calculator. States results in percentage terms for an easy comparison across different-sized companies.

Cons Offers meaningless results if one time period had negative growth. Can hide problems in a given month if only comparing full-year metrics YOY. Doesn't offer much information unless used with other metrics. Article Sources. Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for TheBalance. At any time, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any page. These choices will be signaled globally to our partners and will not affect browsing data.

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