COLLEGE PERFORMANCE: Homeschooled vs. Traditional Students
According to official ACT reports, homeschooled students repeatedly outperform publicly and privately educated students in the ACT assessment test. "What you can say about the homeschoolers is that homeschooled kids are well-prepared for college," says Kelley Hayden, a spokesman for ACT. Jul 18, · As of , around 3 percent of U.S. children ages 5 through 17 – roughly million students – were home-schooled, according the latest data .
What do we know about how homeschooled children fare once they reach adulthood and enter the world on their own? The answer is a lot—and a little. We also do not know for sure what percentage of homeschooled students attend college. It is important to remember that many children are homeschooled short-term, or are homeschooled part-time, which may complicate attempts to separate students into groups based how many homeschooled students go to college whether they were homeschooled or attended conventional schools.
Further, finding representative samples of young adults who were homeschooled can be challenging. Research on college students with homeschool backgrounds is simpler and therefore much more common, what are active reports in cognos 10 the population of homeschoolers who attend college is by its very nature not representative of homeschoolers as a whole.
Outside of studies of college students with homeschool backgrounds, there are very few studies of homeschool outcomes. It is our hope that comparing two of the studies we do have—one conducted by Brian Ray and the other by Cardus—will help shed light on the complexity of conducting research on this topic. In this study, Ray analyzed surveys filled out by over 5, adult homeschool graduates, all of whom were educated at home for at least seven years.
While this number sounds impressive, Ray did not use a random sample but instead gathered participants through various email lists and homeschool advocacy groups. Finally, Ray did not correct for background factors like parental income, education, or marital status. This study was designed to examine Christian schooling and compared public schools with Catholic schools, Protestant schools, nonreligious private schools, and homeschooling.
The Cardus used a random sample, corrected for background factors, and looked only at young adults aged 24 to In other words, the Cardus succeeds where Ray fails. There are nevertheless a few limitations: The Cardus only included homeschooled students whose mothers attended church regularly, and it had a sample size of less than In contrast, the Cardus, which did correct for background factors, found that homeschool graduates were more likely to attend an open admission university, less likely to attend a prestigious university, and less likely to attend both college and graduate school than conventional school graduates.
In a study, Belfield what is state space search that less than one third as many SAT takers self-reported as homeschooled students as should have been expected given the number of children homeschooled at the time. Yet without correcting for background factors—the income level of the families of these homeschool graduates, for example—this tells us very little. They were also more likely to marry early, to have fewer children, and to divorce.
Ray found that homeschool graduates had higher than average levels of civic involvement, including writing letters to the editor, voting, and engaging in political campaigning. Yet because Ray used a how to install corian countertop sample and did not correct for background factors, this tells us little to nothing.
In contrast, the Cardus, which both used a random sample and corrected for background factors, found that homeschool graduates were actually less likely to be politically or civically involved in almost every area. Of course, the Cardus included only homeschool graduates whose mothers attended church regularly, thus what problems was the ucc designed to address secular homeschoolers or those whose religious attendance was less regular.
However, asking these questions of homeschooled students how to start a home companion business close to their own graduations, before they have time to gain real life experience, may be misleading. Further, given that Ray recruited participants through homeschool channels, only those who still had connections with the homeschool world would have even heard of his study, meaning those who had cut all ties and not looked back would not have had the opportunity to participate.
The Cardus did not ask this same question, but anecdotal reports suggest that some homeschool graduates are dissatisfied with the education they received at home or have chosen not to homeschool their children. The Cardus is different, and to some extent we can extrapolate from it, although only to homeschool graduates whose mothers attend church regularly. However, because they were studying homeschool graduates rather than homeschooled children, both Ray and the Cardus were studying the results of homeschooling in previous decades rather than the results of homeschooling today.
Further, the majority of children who are homeschooled are only homeschooled for a few years. There is a growing fluidity as parents move their children between public school, private school, and homeschooling, sometimes switching multiple times per child. Research suggests that homeschool graduates who attend college do well how to flirt with a girl you know and successfully integrate socially.
Much of this research has relied on interviews, self reporting, and volunteer samples, which leaves some question regarding our ability to generalize from the samples studied. Further, homeschool graduates attending college are a self-selected group, given that homeschool graduates not academically prepared for college are not likely to apply or attend.
Indeed, there are some indications that homeschooled students may be less likely to attend college than their peers, a finding that needs further research. Nonetheless, both quantitative and qualitative data suggest that homeschooled students who do attend college are indeed capable of succeeding both socially and academically.
Essentially every college or university now has policies in place for accepting homeschooled students, and many schools have admissions officers dedicated to homeschool admissions. In the past, most colleges required homeschooled graduates to take the GED before being admitted, but this practice has been discontinued and most colleges and universities are friendly to homeschooled applicants.
Some admissions officers are very favorable to homeschooled graduates, even giving them preference, arguing that homeschooled graduates are especially well motivated and and have stronger academics than other students. Both qualitative and quantitative data consistently find that homeschool graduates who attend college integrate well socially and often have higher GPAs than other students.
The methodological limitations of these studies must be carefully understood. Even when these things are accounted for there may be questions about whether the results may be generalized to previously homeschooled undergraduates at other institutions. For one thing, they are most frequently conducted on homeschool populations at private or Christian colleges, throwing into question whether we can generalize from their findings to all previously homeschooled undergraduates, especially those at public institutions.
Further, at least one study has found that homeschool graduates tend to underperform in math and science and are are less likely than other students to pursue degrees in those fields.
Qualitative studies—those that use a small volunteer sample and involve personal interviews—are instructive and often more nuanced. Some have focused on homeschool graduates who were especially motivated and able to access educational resources in high school, while others have found that homeschooled students were no different from other students, with a similar dropout rate.
A number of studies point to early challenges to adjusting socially and culturally, but the general finding is that homeschool graduates do ultimately integrate socially into their new surroundings. Some studies have suggested that homeschool graduates generally retain the religious and political beliefs of their upbringing through college, are more likely to hold leadership positions, and struggle early on with writing essays and research papers.
Overall, these studies paint a nuanced yet positive picture. Unfortunately, we cannot know whether the previously homeschooled undergraduates who serve as volunteer participants in such qualitative studies are representative of the larger population of homeschool graduates attending college.
The research we have so far suggests that homeschool graduates who attend college generally fare well both socially and academically. What is less clear is why this is so. One reason may be that homeschooled students who attend college are likely to have well educated parents and access to a greater array of resources and a larger amount of social capital. What is unclear is what the success of homeschool graduates who attend college tells us about homeschool graduates writ large.
There are some indications that homeschool graduates may be less likely than other groups to attend college, and we know very little about what time does tiger woods tee off saturday success of previously homeschooled students who do not attend college.
In the end, the research tells us that homeschool graduates who attend college tend to fare quite well; it does not, however, tell us that homeschooling is a superior choice to other educational options. As a final note, many students are homeschooled only for a short time, or are enrolled in public school part time.
In an atmosphere with an increasing how many homeschooled students go to college of educational choice, students may cycle through public school, private school, charter school, and homeschool over the course of their childhood and teenage years.
Homeschool Outcomes. Homeschool Outcomes What do we know about how homeschooled children fare once they reach adulthood and enter the world on their own? Studies of Homeschool Outcomes Outside of studies of college students with homeschool what is cluster resource person, there are very few studies of homeschool outcomes.
Read more about homeschooling: What Is Homeschooling? Homeschooling by the Numbers Who Homeschools?
Jul 22, · Back in the s, only 13, students were homeschooled while today there are more than million. A new study published in The Journal of . Pre-college socialization in a homeschool curriculum involves extracurricular activities, such as 4H Club, scouts or team sports. A National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) survey revealed 29 percent of homeschool students are of high school age, and many of these students participate in sports. In the end, the research tells us that homeschool graduates who attend college tend to fare quite well; it does not, however, tell us that homeschooling is a superior choice to other educational options. As a final note, many students are homeschooled only for .
Did you know that 1. This is in comparison to the Department of Education Statistic. Homeschooling is growing exponentially, but it still pales in comparison to the number of students in traditional schools. Why do families choose this path? In a study done by Dr. Brian D. Ray, President of the National Home Education Research Institute, 7, participants were asked why they homeschool, and their responses were as follows:.
In a survey done by Dr. Do homeschool students do well in comparison to their traditionally schooled counterparts? The answer is yes! In the same study cited above in Spring , homeschool students scored exceptionally high on test scores, in the 80th percentile, in comparison with the public school average of 50th percentile.
Also, a study done in , of 5, homeschool students showed that on average, their scores were percentile points higher than their public school counterparts. The study also showed that the longer a child was homeschooled the better the score was. For example, a first year homeschool student scored in the 59th percentile, while a student homeschooled two or more years prior to taking the test score int the 86th to 92nd percentile www.
A recent study published in July , by Dr. Michael Cogan, studied homeschool students at one Mid-west college. Brain D. Ray, And, homeschool parents have more formal education than the general population. Ray, study. Finally, Dr. To many homeschooling families, these statistics show that what they have chosen to do is viable, and can lead to success for their child ren.
These studies show that homeschooled students are performing at levels above the public school, and that later in life, as adults, they are generally happy. For homeschooling families this research gives validity to their path, which often has opposition from those viewing homeschooling from the outside. Image by White77 from Pixabay. The articles presented here highlight what research shows about homeschooling children in the areas of academic achievement, socialization, and college preparation.
General demographics of homeschooling families are also discussed here. Page content. This post is part of the series: Studies on Homeschooling.
Homeschooling Statistics Did you know that 1. Ray, President of the National Home Education Research Institute, 7, participants were asked why they homeschool, and their responses were as follows: Homeschool Success Rate Do homeschool students do well in comparison to their traditionally schooled counterparts? The homeschool students had a slightly higher retention rate, There was a higher graduation rate from homeschooled students The homeschooled students came in with a higher ACT score Slightly higher grade point averages were held through-out the college years by the homeschooled students.
Fourth year previously homeschooled college students had a 3. What Do These Statistics Prove? Image by White77 from Pixabay This post is part of the series: Studies on Homeschooling The articles presented here highlight what research shows about homeschooling children in the areas of academic achievement, socialization, and college preparation.
Article authored by Laura Powell.